darting his lightning at Typhon, Chalcidian black-figured hydria, ca. 550 BC, Staatliche Antikensammlungen (Inv. 596)]]In Greek mythology, Typhon (ancient Greek: ), also Typhoeus (), Typhaon () or Typhus () is the final son of Gaia, with Tartarus; Typhon attempts to replace Zeus as the king of gods and men.
Hesiod narrates Typhon's birth:
But when Zeus had driven the Titans from heaven,
mother Earth bare her youngest child Typhoeus of the love of
Tartarus, by the aid of golden Aphrodite. —Hesiod, Theogony 820-822.
In the alternative account of the origin of Typhon (Typheous), the Homeric Hymn to Apollo makes the monster Typhaon at Delphi a son of archaic Hera in her Minoan form, produced out of herself, like a monstrous version of Hephaestus, and whelped in a cave in Cilicia and confined there in the enigmatic land of the Arimi— en Arimois (Iliad, ii. 781-783). It was in Cilicia that Zeus battled with the ancient monster and overcame him, in a more complicate