, Nepal, 1980).]]The Terraplane was a car brand and model built by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan between 1932 and 1939. In its maiden year, the car was branded as the Essex Terraplane; in 1933 the car became simply the Terraplane until 1936 when it was brought fully into the Hudson line-up. The Terraplane was an inexpensive yet powerful vehicle that was used in both town and country, as both cars and trucks bore the Terraplane name. The car was also produced in a convertible version.
Hudson had manufactured the inexpensive Essex from 1919 as a lower priced vehicle line; the company merged Essex into itself in 1922. The Essex is generally credited with helping to make the fully-enclosed automobile an affordable model for inexpensive automobiles.Declining sales of the Essex, combined with the growing pressure from the effects of the Great Depression forced Hudson to replace the Essex with a re-designed automobile with a lower manufacturing cos