An outline is a hierarchical way to display related items of text to graphically depict their relationships.They are often used by students for research papers. Outlines provide a summary showing the logical flow of a paper. They are useful because they:
help the writer organize their thoughts before getting bogged down in word choice and sentence structure;
show which ideas need illustration or elaboration; and
help the writer decide on an organizational technique for the report, whether it be logical, chronological, or categorical in nature.
Textbooks generally recommend that, before constructing an outline, a writer should research the topic and take notes--preferably on index cards--as they go. The notes need not be more than a summary of what the author thinks is important. Each note card normally has a heading (called a slug) in the upper-left hand corner. Each slug later becomes a heading or subheading in the outline. The writer can later lay their car