Ormus (also known as Ohrmuzd, Hormuz, and Ohrmazd) was a 16th and 17th century kingdom located within the Persian Gulf and extending as far as the Strait of Hormuz. During this time, it was a client state of the Portuguese empire.The kingdom received its name from the fortified port city which served as its capital. It was one of the most important ports in the Middle East at the time as it controlled sea-way trading routes through the Persian Gulf to India and East Africa. This port was probably located on the island of Hormoz, which is located near the modern city of Bandar-e Abbas.The name of the port, the island, and the kingdom is Iranian and ultimately derives from that of the Zoroastrian deity, Ahura Mazda, which becomes Ohrmazd in Pahlavi, Hirmiz in Manichaean Middle Persian, and Hormoz in New-Persian.
The city-state of Ormus dates back to the 13th century when it controlled the slave market from Africa and Arabia to Khorasan in the Persia. At its zenith in 13th to 1