This article is about Franklin D. Roosevelt's legislative agenda for rescuing the United States from the Great Depression. See 'New Deal for other uses of the term.
The New Deal was the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to a sequence of programs and promises he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of giving reform to the people and economy of the United States during the Great Depression.Dozens of alphabet agencies (so named because of their acronyms, as with the SEC), were created as a result of the New Deal. Historians distinguish between the "First New Deal" of 1933, which had something for almost every group, and the "Second New Deal" (1935?36), which introduced class conflict, especially between business and unions. Opponents of the New Deal, complaining of the cost and increase in federal power, stopped its expansion by 1937 and abolished many of its programs by 1943. The Supreme Court of the United States ruled several programs unconstitutional (some parts o