ICD9 = |
MedlinePlus = 000694 |
eMedicineSubj = neuro |
eMedicineTopic = 415 |
DiseasesDB = 4366 |
MeshID = D004827 |
}}Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological disorder that is characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures. These seizures are transient signs and/or symptoms due to abnormal, excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.About 50 million people worldwide have epilepsy at any one time. Epilepsy is usually controlled, but not cured, with medication, although surgery may be considered in difficult cases. Not all epilepsy syndromes are lifelong ? some forms are confined to particular stages of childhood. Epilepsy should not be understood as a single disorder, but rather as a group of syndromes with vastly divergent symptoms but all involving episodic abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
Epilepsies are classified five ways:
By their first cause (or etiology).
By the observable manifestations of the seizures, kno