Dragoon is the traditional name for a soldier trained to fight on foot but who transports himself on horseback, in use especially during the late 17th and early 18th centuries.
History and use
The name derives probably from the dragoon's primary weapon, a carbine or short musket called the dragon. Dragon carbines are said to have been so-called because they "breathed fire" ? a reference to the flames carbines emitted when fired. According to another theory, the name originated from the title of Dragon given to Guillaume de GomiĆ©court, an 11th century French lord, by King Henry I of France, and from his son Raoul Dragon de GomiĆ©court, who trained a group of soldiers to fight both from horse and foot.The creation of dragoons, although still not bearing that name, is now generally credited to Piero Strozzi, an Italian condottiero who fought for the King of France in the early 16th century.Dragoons were organized not in squadrons or troops like the cavalry, but in companies like the fo